Lines of credit are flexible loans from a bank or financial institution that gives businesses or individuals access to funds, up to a specified limit, which can be used at their discretion. There are many types of credit lines to meet short-term funding needs.

This financial instrument operates somewhat like a credit card. A bank or financial institution sets a limit for the line of credit, and you can access as much or as little as you need, up to that predetermined limit. Interest is only charged on the funds you actually borrow, making a line of credit a cost-effective solution for managing fluctuating cash flow or dealing with unexpected expenses.

The unique advantage of a line of credit is its flexibility. Unlike a term loan, where you receive a lump sum amount all at once and start paying interest on the full loan amount immediately, a line of credit allows you to borrow only what you need, when you need it, and pay interest only on the borrowed amount. This makes it an ideal solution for addressing the dynamic financial needs of a business or individual.


Lines of Credit: A Brief Overview

A line of credit is a preset borrowing limit that can be used at any time. The borrower can take money out as needed until the limit is reached, providing businesses and individuals with flexibility and control over their finances.

Some key features all types of credit lines share include:

  • Controlled Borrowing: You borrow only what you need, allowing you to control your debt and interest payments.
  • Flexibility: Unlike traditional loans, lines of credit do not require you to use the entire amount all at once. You can utilize the funds as per your needs.
  • Manage Cash Flow: It’s an excellent tool for managing cash flow, particularly for businesses with seasonal income or unexpected expenses.
  • Revolving Credit: Once you repay the borrowed amount, your line of credit goes back to its original amount, allowing continuous borrowing and repayment cycles.
  • Interest Rates: Typically, lines of credit offer lower interest rates than credit cards, making it a cost-effective borrowing option.

In essence, a line of credit offers an effective and flexible method for managing finances, making it an ideal option for businesses in industries like retail, construction, and hospitality, or for individuals who require flexibility in their financial planning.

Types of Line of Credit

Type of Line of CreditDescription
Business Line of CreditSpecifically designed for business use, this line of credit helps manage cash flow, finance business expansions, or cover unexpected expenses.
Revolving Line of CreditA credit limit that can be spent, repaid, and spent again. This is often used by businesses for operational costs or by individuals for ongoing expenses.
Secured Line of CreditA line of credit that is backed by collateral, such as real estate or other valuable assets. This type usually offers lower interest rates due to reduced risk for the lender.
Unsecured Line of CreditA line of credit that doesn’t require collateral but typically comes with higher interest rates due to increased risk for the lender.
Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC)This type of line of credit uses your home equity as collateral. It’s often used for large expenses like home improvements, tuition fees, or consolidating high-interest debt.
Types of Small Business and Personal Lines of Credit

It’s essential to understand each type of line of credit and select the one that best suits your financial needs and risk tolerance. There are also multiple types of business lines of credit for specific needs like inventory, equipment and real estate.

Types of Small Business and Personal Lines of Credit
Types of Small Business and Personal Lines of Credit

Factors to Consider When Choosing Lines of Credit

Factors to consider when selecting a line of credit include:

  • Interest Rates: Lower interest rates mean lower cost of borrowing, but they are usually associated with secured lines of credit or those that require higher credit scores.
  • Repayment Terms: Understand the repayment schedule – is it flexible or fixed? Some lines of credit require only interest payments during the draw period, followed by principal-plus-interest payments.
  • Fees: Look for possible application fees, annual fees, late payment fees, or other additional charges that might apply.
  • Credit Limit: Ensure the credit limit meets your needs, but be aware that higher limits may come with more strict approval requirements.
  • Flexibility: Some lines of credit allow you to re-borrow the funds after you’ve repaid them, known as a revolving line of credit. This can offer ongoing financial support.
  • Collateral Requirements: If the line of credit is secured, consider whether you’re comfortable pledging your assets (like your home or business inventory) as collateral.

Line of Credit – Application Process

The application process for a line of credit includes the following steps:

  • Assessment of Financial Needs: Determine how much you need to borrow and what type of line of credit suits your needs best.
  • Choosing a Lender: Research various lenders, their interest rates, terms and conditions, and choose the one that best suits your needs.
  • Initial Application: Fill out an initial application form providing basic personal and financial details. This could be done online or in person.
  • Document Submission: Provide necessary documents such as proof of income (like pay stubs or tax returns), proof of identity (like a driver’s license), and relevant business documents (for business lines of credit).
  • Credit Check: The lender will conduct a credit check to evaluate your creditworthiness. This may affect your credit score temporarily.
  • Evaluation: The lender will evaluate your income, credit history, and the documents provided to determine your borrowing limit and interest rate.
  • Approval and Agreement: If your application is approved, the lender will provide a credit agreement outlining the terms and conditions. Review it carefully before signing.
  • Access to Funds: Once the agreement is signed, you will gain access to your line of credit.

It’s important to remember that this process can vary slightly between different lenders. Also, securing a line of credit usually requires a good credit score, a steady source of income, and in some cases, collateral.

Bottom Line

A line of credit is a flexible financing option that allows borrowers to access funds as needed, up to a pre-approved limit. The types of line of credit, including secured, unsecured, and revolving, provide diverse options to suit different individual and business needs. Key factors to consider when choosing a line of credit include interest rates, repayment terms, and your financial situation. The application process involves financial assessment, credit checks, and document submission.

Navigating the world of credit options can be daunting, but resources like National Business Capital are here to help. Instead of applying to lenders individually, you apply once and are matched with the most competitive offers you qualify for within their 75+ lender marketplace. This saves business owners time and reduces the stress of selecting the best offer. 

National Business Capital assists clients with ROI guidance and strategies to maximize the value of their financing, aiming to establish a financing relationship that can assist with future capital needs. Their short online application process connects you with a lending specialist who will prepare your application and submit it to various lenders, ensuring you get the best rates and the highest chances of approval.


What is a non-revolving line of credit?

A non-revolving line of credit is a form of loan where the borrower cannot reuse the funds after they’ve been repaid. Unlike a revolving line of credit, the credit limit does not replenish once the borrowed amount is paid back.

How long does the application process take?

The application process duration can vary between lenders. However, with modern online lenders like National Business Capital, you can expect the process to be relatively quick. Their short online application can be completed in less than 5 minutes, followed by an evaluation period to match you with the best offer.

Can I use a line of credit to start a business?

Yes, a line of credit can be used to start a business. It can provide the flexible financing needed to cover startup costs such as inventory purchases, equipment, or operational expenses. However, as a startup, certain credit and financial requirements may need to be met to qualify.

What are some tips for responsible use of lines of credit?

Responsible use of a line of credit involves only borrowing what you need and can afford to pay back, making timely repayments to avoid extra interest or penalties, keeping track of your balance, and understanding the terms of your line of credit. It’s also advisable to use the funds for their intended purpose, such as for business growth or covering unexpected expenses.